In Business Since 2001 We accept Paypal
Home for Writers for Publishers Article Directory Article Search
Guides
Article Marketing Secrets
20-Min Article Writing
Author Resource Box
35 Traffic Strategies
Kindle Uploads 101
Fantastic Fiction Decoded


Click Here to
see on Amazon


Site Navigation
Home

Writing Services
+ FAQ

FAQ

+ About Us
+ Blogs
Search Tools
+ Search Our Articles
Article Directory
+ Authors
+ Articles
Other Sites We Own
Writing Puzzle

Professional Book Marketing

Platt Publishing

Marketing Help


 
Article Teaser: Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump. The name conjures lurid images, but the legacy speaks of a beautiful, harsh and bygone era.

Keep reading below...

Travel Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump: Live an Aboriginal

Copyright (c) 2007-2017 Travel Alberta, All Rights Reserved
Written by:

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump. The name conjures lurid images, but the legacy speaks of a beautiful, harsh and bygone era.

You start by peering up from the foot of a towering inside cliff, where three buffalo stand at the precipice above you, and you end with an understanding of how encroaching technology in the West altered history and pushed a thousands-years-old, nature-based way of life sideways.

At this UNESCO World Heritage Site in Alberta's south, which is open year-round, you can take an interpretive trip with the Plains Peoples of Southern Alberta and the Plains Bison into a haunting, almost vanished world brought vividly to life.

It's a learning experience imparted through storytelling, demonstrations, crafts, films, interpretive displays and hikes (if you want to do them), and it appeals to all ages. It allows you to become a sleuth, of sorts, into the past.

The Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Interpretive Centre is set into an imposing rise northwest of Fort Macleod and dominates the rolling grasslands and hills that swell in the distance to meet mountains.


Experience 10,000 Years of History

It's a phenomenal lookout point with a 10,000-year history that's dramatically heightened by what you experience and learn in the centre, which documents the buffalo hunting culture of the Plains Peoples from ancient times to the arrival of the Europeans.

This is one of the oldest, largest and best preserved communal bison hunting sites in North America.

Once you've made your way through the presentations of Plains Peoples artifacts and hands-on movies and guides' stories, you can step up to an outside railing and back in time and see the seemingly endless plains through different eyes. There are colourful tipis far below (which you can rent and sleep in overnight) and the yellowing Alberta plains stretch endlessly away.

When I was there, standing and looking out as my hands gripped that railing, it seemed a forlorn, windswept world.

"Do you know the story of the Steel Snake?" asked Quintin Crow Shoe, our interpretive guide at the centre, as he directed us inside the centre to an exhibit entitled 'Cultures in Contact,' which depicts the consequences of the introduction of European trade goods in the early 18th century.

I confessed that I did not, but I learned the Steel Snake was the railroad, which as it made its way westward, hurried communications among Aboriginal peoples who relayed stories of buffalo littered along the sides of the tracks (the buffalo were being shot with rifles, and rifles hadn't yet changed the Plains People's way of life).

The arrival of the horse and gun marked the passing of the traditional buffalo hunt and forever changed the native buffalo culture. You can view a great short movie inside the centre's theatre that ends with a final freeze frame (I'm not ruining it for you) on a Plains hunter raising a new rifle and firing a shot that echoes into the future.


$9.8 Million Visitor Centre Oversees Jump Site

There are five main exhibits inside the $9.8 million visitor centre, a seven-tiered building buried in a large slump block, south of the jump site. Architect Robert LeBlond designed the centre. Careful of the fragile archeological deposits, contractors removed a section of the cliff, built a massive concrete box, and then pulled the earth and grass back over the top of the building. Skylights over the ecological and buffalo jump displays provide natural light that highlights the exhibits.

I'd been startled by the centre's name. The prospect of mammoth, hairy beasts leaping into thin air, then plummeting to their deaths on the rocks below, is enough to intrigue anyone. Since when did buffalos act like lemmings?

You'll learn that long before they had the horse, the gun or even the bow, Plains Indians hunted the buffalo, driving herds to their death over the cliffs at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump. Buffalo jumping is such a sophisticated hunting technique that modern science is only beginning to understand its workings.

The hunt began with a spiritual ceremony in which medicine women and men would go through detailed rituals to ensure a safe and successful hunt. During the ceremonies, the "buffalo runners" were sent to locate and herd the animals. These were young men who possessed the skill to move the bison herds.

Ingenious, v-shaped lanes were used to channel herds to the most dangerous point on the cliffs. These lanes were edged with rows of stone cairns which are still visible today. The lanes make their way across the countryside, following ridges, crossing coulees and rising across the tops of high hills.

During the drive, people hid behind brush piles on the cairns and prevented the beasts from straying by shouting and waving buffalo hides. As the herd became more concentrated in the drive lanes, hunters rushed from behind, panicking the animals into a thundering, headlong plunge over the cliff.

The kill brought much needed meat to the people participating in the hunt. The Indians dried the meat, made pemmican, extracted fat from the bones, made tools and tanned hides.

"Almost everything of the buffalo was used," explained Quintin, as he paused our tour group beside a stuffed, three year old bison that had died of natural causes. "The horns as spoons, the hide as shields, even the eyeballs as an insect repellant."

This World Heritage Site is rich in prehistory. Bone and tool beds lie beneath the jump's sandstones cliffs.


Discover a UNESCO Treasure

UNESCO sites recognize (through the World Heritage Convention) natural habitats where threatened species of plants and animals still survive, as well as unique witnesses of lost civilizations (such as Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump).

Other UNESCO sites in the world include Machu Picchu in Peru, the Taj Mahal in India and the Palace of Versailles in France. Alberta has five UNESCO sites.

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is located 18 km north and west of Fort Macleod on secondary highway 785 (Spring Point Road), at the eastern edge of the Porcupine Hills, about 100 km east of the Rocky Mountains. Travellers usually first arrive at Calgary's (the gateway to the Canadian Rocky Mountains) international airport, and then drive a few hours south to the centre.


About The Author: Shop Amazon - Top Gift Ideas
Copyright (c) 2006 Travel Alberta, All Rights Reserved

Travel Alberta is the destination marketing organization for the Province of Alberta. Guided by the Strategic Tourism Marketing Council, Travel Alberta is the steward for the effective delivery of tourism marketing programs. For information about our organization, please visit our Travel Alberta industry web site at http://www.travelalberta.com

Follow "The Phantom Writers" on Twitter (@phantomwriters)
to be notified when new articles are made available.


VOTE ON THIS ARTICLE
Needs Work >> 0 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 << Excellent Article

Tell our authors what you think about their article.



Top-Level Category: Travel and Leisure Articles || Related Categories: Shopping Articles

10 Most Recent Articles Written by Travel Alberta

Wild Women of the Woods
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-13 | Word Count: 926 | Page Views: 3654 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 1.55
If you don't hike or camp in the Canadian Rockies (an hour west of Calgary, four hours from Edmonton) because you're afraid of getting lost in the woods or encountering a hungry bear, a day trip with Brenda Holder of Mahikan Trails mountain guides will prepare you for almost anything.

Why Hire a Guide?
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-12 | Word Count: 731 | Page Views: 2256 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 1.60
Like hiring a guide to trek the Inca Trail in Peru, or signing up for a guided safari in Africa, it pays to have a trained local point you in the right direction, keep you out of harm's way, and show you the area's secret treasures.

Where the Dinosaurs Roamed
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-12 | Word Count: 934 | Page Views: 2775 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 2.00
When our family thundered into the Canadian Badlands on a recent dinosaur–hunting holiday, we did it in an armoured beast of our own – a 25–foot recreational vehicle. We'd come to search for the fossil remains of some of the most bloodthirsty beasts of the Late Cretaceous period, and our kids thought it might be wise to have a little extra protection. So, for five days our beloved RV became our home–away–from–home.

Waterton: Haven't Been There. Ain't Done That
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-09 | Word Count: 513 | Page Views: 2508 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.63
The best way to absorb Waterton's many landscapes and spy its wild inhabitants is to trek the Carthew-Alderson Trail.

Visit Spruce Meadows: World's Best Show Jumping
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-09 | Word Count: 944 | Page Views: 3344 | Votes: 12 | Rating: 2.08
The day is just beginning in the International Ring at Spruce Meadows. A perfect Alberta sky stretches overhead, so high that I swear I can see the curve of the horizon. Less than an hour west, the Canadian Rocky Mountains rise up out of rolling prairie, sending a cooling breeze to snap the bright national flags that welcome visitors to the world's leading outdoor show jumping venue.

Untouched Wilderness, Crowd-free Fishing: Central Alberta
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-08 | Word Count: 1371 | Page Views: 5433 | Votes: 9 | Rating: 2.67
Whether you're a novice angler or an expert fisherman seeking to fly fish or explore lakes, the waters of Central Alberta offer opportunities that are among the world's finest. Alberta's spectacular waterways, from gurgling rivers to placid lakes, provide experiences suited to anglers of every skill level.

Truly, Madly, Deeply Relaxed: Stillwater Spa
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-08 | Word Count: 972 | Page Views: 2390 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 1.57
Spa vacations can last an hour or a week. Within an hour, it's the attention to details at Stillwater that lets the cumulative weight of the work week in my shoulders begin to drift, as water and hands gentle my back. And the relentlessly reassuring sound of the Vichy water, sprayed from the nozzles above, shoos my tangled worries away as if they were tumbleweeds.

Travel Top to Bottom: Heli-Tour Morning, Heli-Hike Afternoon
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-07 | Word Count: 1130 | Page Views: 2364 | Votes: 6 | Rating: 2.33
It was a tour impossible to resist: float far above the Canadian Rocky Mountains in the morning for a helicopter's sky-high view of the daunting Columbia Icefield, then grab some gear and spend the afternoon heli-hiking some of the lower ranges we'd flown over.

Train Vacations: Rocky Mountains Rise to Occasion
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-06 | Word Count: 1213 | Page Views: 3047 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 2.75
When you arrive in Alberta by train from the west, you confront a wall of mountains. The Canadian Rockies rise to meet you and the glittering, snowy peaks provide a shiver of primal recognition, regardless of the season. As you cross the Continental Divide, the tracks take you to the zenith of Canadian train vacations.

The 'Where's the Beef' Holiday
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-06 | Word Count: 822 | Page Views: 1859 | Votes: 12 | Rating: 2.33
I needed a vacation that wasn't going to take much time, something that would deliver a punch strong enough to knock the clinging, weeklong haze of too much work off my hunched shoulders. I could travel swiftly from Calgary to the Rocky Mountains, but that wasn't going to do it. I was in the mood for a mountain on a plate. An adventure. Something I could scale with a fork and a well-honed steak knife.

All of Author's Articles on this site:

Most Recent "Travel And Leisure" Articles

The Top 10 Cities Chosen by Italian Tourists for the Autumn Bank Holiday
Written by: Ilaria Aglietti | Distributed: 2011-12-12 | Word Count: 312 | Page Views: 569
A study carried out by Italian travel comparison engine VoliLowCost.it reveals that London was the Italians’ favourite destination for the Halloween weekend.

South Texas Quickens with Wildlife
Written by: Jeff Parker | Distributed: 2011-09-14 | Word Count: 706 | Page Views: 2326 | Votes: 2 | Rating: 0.00
While many of the world's other destinations lose species, the Brush Country's heart beats a steady rhythm. Nature here still thrives along the full spectrum of the food chain and today more wildlife roams per acre in the Brush Country than anywhere else in the United States. In fact, South Texas' rich biodiversity has made it one of North America's liveliest places for nature-lovers and wildlife photographers to visit.

Honduras Delivers Wildlife Wow!
Written by: Jeff Parker | Distributed: 2011-09-13 | Word Count: 502 | Page Views: 569
Adventure to Honduras' north central coast and discover for yourself the untamed beauty and incredible wildlife that await you and your lens. Here, its friendly Carribean people aren't jaded from a constant onslaught of tourists and you can still blaze your own trails, yet enough of a path has been cleared so that you can comfortably enjoy the thrill of the jungles, seashores, and mangrove estuaries of this often-overlooked Central American jewel.

Las Vegas – One City, Many Destinations
Written by: George Cuthbert | Distributed: 2011-07-26 | Word Count: 816 | Page Views: 3142 | Votes: 21 | Rating: 4.19
Many of the fabulous Las Vegas hotels are themed to represent top attractions and places in other countries. Why go on a round-the-world tour when you can experience everything from the bright lights of Vegas?

5 Reasons Why Las Vegas Visitors Should Take a Grand Canyon Helicopter Tour
Written by: Keith Kravitz | Distributed: 2010-11-04 | Word Count: 606 | Page Views: 2697 | Votes: 1 | Rating: 5.00
Helicopters can take you from Las Vegas to the Grand Canyon in just 45 minutes, making these air tours the perfect day trip. The West Rim is the only place where you can fly to the bottom and land. It's also home to the world-famous Grand Canyon Skywalk. Need more reasons to go? Read on...

South Rim or West Rim? How to Pick a Grand Canyon Helicopter Tour
Written by: Keith Kravitz | Distributed: 2010-11-02 | Word Count: 632 | Page Views: 2679 | Votes: 1 | Rating: 5.00
If you are planning a trip to the Grand Canyon, especially from Las Vegas, you will need to choose which rim to visit. This article gives you the tools to pick the rim that's right for you.

Bunratty Castle in Ireland
Written by: Patricia G. McKinney-Lins | Distributed: 2010-11-02 | Word Count: 744 | Page Views: 2731 | Votes: 1 | Rating: 5.00
Bunratty Castle is conveniently located near Shannon Airport in Ireland. You will want to stop for a tour on your way in or out of the country. Enjoy a medieval banquet with food, drink and song and be transported back to the 1500s!

Things to Do With Your Kids in Toronto
Written by: Ryan Hogan | Distributed: 2010-07-30 | Word Count: 1342 | Page Views: 3424 | Votes: 1 | Rating: 3.00
There are a couple of things to keep in mind about Toronto. One is the weather. While Toronto has a pretty mild climate for a Canadian city, and it does experience four distinct seasons, its winters can be a bit harsh. You can expect snowfall from November through mid-April. Second, Toronto is expensive. It's often rated as the most expensive city in Canada in which to live. So while there's plenty for your family to do in Toronto, you'll need to pay attention to the weather and to your budget.

The 10 Best Places in America to See a Play or Musical
Written by: Kelly McCartney | Distributed: 2010-07-27 | Word Count: 531 | Page Views: 2720 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 1.00
Beginning with Radio City Music Hall, Kelly documents ten favorite vacation spots that allow you to take in a play or musical...

Changing Patterns Of Travel For Affluent Parents With Children
Written by: Shelley Cheny | Distributed: 2010-07-27 | Word Count: 544 | Page Views: 2762
One of the increasing trends we are seeing in today's travel scene is the changes in spending patterns in parents with young children. This article presents the case for increased catering for children in luxury resorts and five and six star accommodation.

Most Viewed "Travel And Leisure" Articles

Great Things To Do In Las Vegas Besides Gambling
Written by: Jason OConnor | Distributed: 2007-04-24 | Word Count: 981 | Page Views: 22902 | Votes: 66 | Rating: 2.68
If you want to visit Las Vegas but you are not really into the gambling scene, that isn't a problem. There are many things that the non-gambler can do in Las Vegas. Of course, the big shows are always available. Some of the most popular shows in Las Vegas are Cirque Du Soleil, Elton John and Celine Dion and of course, the fantastic magic of David Copperfield and Lance Burton. But Las Vegas has so much more to offer and there is something for everyone.

RV Showcases Alberta Movie Making
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-02-23 | Word Count: 1549 | Page Views: 8106 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.13
RV rentals and Canadian road trips are rolling as the movie RV (the top comedy in North America when it debuted in theatres) showcases the diversity of Alberta's pristine, mountain-and-prairies scenery.

The David Thompson Explorer's Trail: Drive a Famous Expedition
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-01 | Word Count: 972 | Page Views: 7690 | Votes: 22 | Rating: 2.09
Family road trips can offer the perfect opportunity for an invigorating and educational vacation – and what better place to do that than in Alberta's own backyard? Steeped in history and beautiful scenery, with hiking, museums, scenic drives and plentiful wildlife all at your fingertips, you can put an Alberta road trip at the top of your list of affordable family vacations.

Riverboat Cruises And Vacations For Families And Couples
Written by: Chuck Saddler | Distributed: 2008-11-18 | Word Count: 800 | Page Views: 6919 | Votes: 6 | Rating: 2.17
The era of steamboats that most people think about is the paddle-wheel steamboats of the Mississippi in the 1800's, but the modern age offers a wide variety of riverboat cruises around the U.S. and around the world.

Ride Into Sunset at Kananaskis Guest Ranch
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-02-21 | Word Count: 1018 | Page Views: 6815 | Votes: 9 | Rating: 2.33
Brewster's Kananaskis Guest Ranch has changed little since opening in 1923, and guests can still enjoy the pioneering family's tradition of Western hospitality within the rugged splendor of Alberta's pristine mountains, rivers and lakes.

Bear Attacks - Guidelines For Those Of You Hiking Or Camping In Our Wilderness
Written by: Jane Baker | Distributed: 2009-01-21 | Word Count: 1166 | Page Views: 6189 | Votes: 13 | Rating: 1.62
This is about a remote area in west central British Columbia, Canada called the West Chilcotin. Since we have a high density of both black and grizzly bear, this series of articles is intended to help give you an idea of what you are dealing with when vacationing in our area.

Iceland: Tectonic Plate Diving
Written by: Alex J Smith | Distributed: 2007-10-19 | Word Count: 763 | Page Views: 5536 | Votes: 14 | Rating: 3.14
Iceland is Europe's westernmost country, and occupies a strategic location in the North Atlantic, straddling the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, on the edge of the Arctic Circle. One of the coldest countries in the world, it is also one of the world's most volcanically active hotspots. Iceland is known today for its mix of glaciers, bubbly hot springs, rugged fjords and fiery volcanoes.

Untouched Wilderness, Crowd-free Fishing: Central Alberta
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-08 | Word Count: 1371 | Page Views: 5433 | Votes: 9 | Rating: 2.67
Whether you're a novice angler or an expert fisherman seeking to fly fish or explore lakes, the waters of Central Alberta offer opportunities that are among the world's finest. Alberta's spectacular waterways, from gurgling rivers to placid lakes, provide experiences suited to anglers of every skill level.

The Magnificent Seven (Days in the Saddle)
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-02 | Word Count: 1319 | Page Views: 5147 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 1.57
Once you have an idea where you want to go on your week-long pack trip adventure, it's just a matter of deciding when and how. Here are some of your options when planning a trek into the far alpine reaches of the Rocky Mountains.

The Bahamas: Discover an Island Paradise
Written by: Clinton Douglas IV | Distributed: 2006-08-24 | Word Count: 350 | Page Views: 4990 | Votes: 15 | Rating: 1.87
With more than 500 miles of the world's clearest, turquoise water, this 100,000 mile stretch of 700 petite islands in the Atlantic Ocean is one of the most scenic and secluded vacation spots around. It's uninhabited, pristine beaches are ideal grounds for scuba and deep-sea diving, world-class sport fishing, kayaking and snorkeling by day and extravagant island dining and dancing by night.

Highest Ranked "Travel And Leisure" Articles

Much To Do with Nothing
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-02-14 | Word Count: 660 | Page Views: 2223 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 4.20
It almost goes without saying that hiking in the Rocky Mountains is a free activity. The same is true of mountain biking, provided you bring your wheels with you.

Las Vegas – One City, Many Destinations
Written by: George Cuthbert | Distributed: 2011-07-26 | Word Count: 816 | Page Views: 3142 | Votes: 21 | Rating: 4.19
Many of the fabulous Las Vegas hotels are themed to represent top attractions and places in other countries. Why go on a round-the-world tour when you can experience everything from the bright lights of Vegas?

Recession Travel Opportunities: Part One - Getting There By Car
Written by: Anson Werner | Distributed: 2008-11-20 | Word Count: 1510 | Page Views: 2356 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 3.71
During this current recession, many people are postponing and canceling vacations, for fear of the future economic conditions. But many of us still need some time away from home - a break from the everyday. There is so much information that I need to share with you on this topic, so this article is being presented in two parts: "getting there by car" and "airplane travel". This is part one.

Songs Drive Alberta's 'Brokeback' Landscape
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-02-26 | Word Count: 1407 | Page Views: 2447 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.63
Movies are changing the way we travel, inspiring tours that revisit the landscapes we see in films. Some movies seem to grab us by the lapels and shove us toward a new world. We want to relive aspects of the movie, but we want to experience the real-world ambience of where the movie happened, beyond what was revealed on screen.

Waterton: Haven't Been There. Ain't Done That
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-03-09 | Word Count: 513 | Page Views: 2508 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.63
The best way to absorb Waterton's many landscapes and spy its wild inhabitants is to trek the Carthew-Alderson Trail.

Try This Cost-Free Way To Roam The Globe And Write About It
Written by: Charles Jacobs | Distributed: 2009-07-21 | Word Count: 1159 | Page Views: 2712 | Votes: 16 | Rating: 3.63
Enjoy exploring the world, and discover the satisfaction of sharing your unique experiences with others. With a little discipline and some research, plus an inquiring mind, you can craft and even sell travel articles.

Experience Banff This Year
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-01-09 | Word Count: 494 | Page Views: 2571 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 3.43
Banff truly has it all, from soaring craggy peaks to thick pine forests, and from ultra-refined spas and shopping to extreme mountain adventures. There is something for every travel palate in Banff. Discover the jewel of the Canada's Rocky Mountains.

Marriage to a Tee
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-02-13 | Word Count: 826 | Page Views: 2371 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 3.43
A day after being married high on a bluff overlooking one of Alberta golf's great treasures, my wife made a confession. She really hadn't heard my personalized vows during the ceremony, the one's I'd sweated over and wanted to be just right. Instead, while I spoke she gazed over my left shoulder down along the Kananaskis Country Golf Course and watched a carefree Bull Moose splash along the river.

Luxury Travel In The Philippines
Written by: Alex J Smith | Distributed: 2007-10-22 | Word Count: 490 | Page Views: 3889 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 3.40
There are 7,000 plus islands in the Philippines. Travel in the archipelago is considered to be both unique and challenging. Philippine vacation travel includes visit in so many beaches, unspoiled sceneries and hotel hopping. For picky travelers, a luxury travel in the Philippines may mean total exposure to the country's beauty and natural resources.

Health Spas Massage the New Manly Pursuit
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2007-02-06 | Word Count: 781 | Page Views: 4611 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.38
What happened? How did macho Wild West guys and international visitors go ga-ga for Alberta health spas? What makes Alberta spas for men different than other places is the geographical context:












Download an eBook today
 
Directory Navigation
Locate By Author

Locate By Category:
ALL Categories
Arts & Crafts
Arts & Entertainment
Automotive
Business - Offline
Business - Online
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Finance
Food & Drink
Health & Wellness
Home & Garden
Humor
Internet
Nature & Pets
Real Estate
Religion
Self Improvement
Shopping
Society
Sports & Recreation
Technology
Travel & Leisure
Uncategorized
World Events
Writing & Speaking

Change Number of Results:
50 - 100 - 200 - 500
Article Reprint Rights
Creative Commons License

This work is
licensed under a
Creative Commons
License


You are not required to show the creative commons license notice when you reprint this work.
Article Publishing Tools
Print Article
Email-to-Blog
HTML Source Code
Text Newsletter Format
Link Back HTML

Blog Publishing Tools

Internal ID: #4448
Article Statistics
Word Count: 1024

Total Views: 2794

Article Rating: 1.88 of 5
Votes Cast: 8

More Articles By Author:




Article Title Search:

Widow Search
Right Blinker
Google
Yahoo!
Zuula
Bing
Cuil

Last Distribution Date:
2007-03-07 10:00:00






All Articles are Copyright © 2001-2017 of the Defined Authors.

All other material and images on this site are:
Copyright © 2001-2017, ThePhantomWriters.com