In Business Since 2001 We accept Paypal
Home for Writers for Publishers Article Directory Article Search
Guides
Article Marketing Secrets
20-Min Article Writing
Author Resource Box
35 Traffic Strategies
Kindle Uploads 101
Fantastic Fiction Decoded


Click Here to
see on Amazon


Site Navigation
Home

Writing Services
+ FAQ

FAQ

+ About Us
+ Blogs
Search Tools
+ Search Our Articles
Article Directory
+ Authors
+ Articles
Other Sites We Own
Writing Puzzle

Professional Book Marketing

Platt Publishing

Marketing Help


 
Article Teaser: To really understand the significance of public fountains to Italians, you have to look back to ancient Roman times. The Romans were great engineers and artisans, and the network of eleven aqueducts they created to supply the people of Rome and other major cities with water was probably unparalleled anywhere in the world at that time.

Keep reading below...

The Public Fountains of Italy

Copyright (c) 2007-2017

The Marvels of Ancient Rome

To really understand the significance of public fountains to Italians, you have to look back to ancient Roman times. The Romans were great engineers and artisans, and the network of eleven aqueducts they created to supply the people of Rome and other major cities with water was probably unparalleled anywhere in the world at that time.

The remains of the aqueducts that ran through the Campagna region of Italy can still be seen today, and are a fascinating reminder of the levels of scientific and engineering achievement reached by the Romans. Not only did they supply all the fountains and baths houses of Rome with fresh water, but it was drinkable and its flow was regulated through the use of man-made underground reservoirs to ensure a consistent and reliable supply, even in hot weather.

The public fountains of the ancient Romans tended to be relatively simple in ornamentation, with smaller fountains often taking the form of stylized animal or human heads built into a wall, from the mouth of which came a stream of water. Larger fountains provided several streams that flowed into a large basin, allowing access to water for both humans and animals. Regardless of their size, the fountains were built in the squares and at the major crossroads of the communities they served, and the ruins of Pompeii illustrate how these public fountains would have served as a central meeting place for the community - women talking and gathering water for cooking and washing, men and animals quenching their dusty thirsts on hot summer days, and children playing in the water. Fountains for your own home and backyard can be found at http://www.garden-fountains.com.

The Dawn of the Renaissance

The Renaissance movement heralded the arrival of a new, more ornate and decorative style of architecture in Rome, and the major public fountains of Rome and Italy began to change.Some of the most noteworthy fountains in the world were designed and built between 1200 and 1650, and many of them are still functioning in Rome today. We've taken a closer look at a cross-section of Roman public fountains that illustrate the true virtuosity and diversity of styles that can be seen on a walk around Rome.

Fountains of Rome

Triton Fountain

The Triton Fountain was the first fountain designed by the Italian sculptor and architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini, a man who played a leading role in defining the Baroque style, and who was for many years the architect of St. Peter's Basilica, under the patronage of several Popes. Pope Urban VIII wished for a major new fountain to be constructed in the Piazza Barberini to commemorate the reopening of the Aqua Felice aqueduct. Bernini's design created an imposing focal point for the square that used the imagery of Triton, god of the sea, to represent the power and vitality accorded to Roman civilization by a reliable supply of running water. The Triton Fountain features a sculpted marble model of Triton, half-man half-fish, sitting atop an open shell, holding a large conch shell to his mouth, from which water flows into the large basin that forms the base of the statue.

Four Rivers Fountain

The other fountain for which Bernini is particularly noted is the Four Rivers Fountain, in the Piazza Navona. The death of Pope Urban VIII had left Bernini temporarily without a sponsor, his replacement, Pope Innocent X not favoring Bernini in the same way.A number of prominent sculptors and artists of the day were invited to submit a design for the new fountain in the Piazza Navona, but Bernini was excluded. However, he was persuaded to create a design by a friend, who contrived that it should come to Innocent's attention.Upon seeing it he is reputed to have declared that it was a trick to view Bernini's work, because once seen it was impossible for him not to commission the fountain. The Four Rivers fountain is based around a representation of the four continents of the world (as were known at the time) - the River Nile (Africa), the Danube (Europe), the Ganges (Asia) and the River Platt (Americas). Each River was represented by a river god and is seated around a cleverly designed mound of marble rocks, from which many streams of water issue, and on top of which is supported a magnificent Egyptian Obelisk.

Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain is one of the most imposing public fountains in Rome. The concept was originally designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, but on his patron Pope Urban VIII's death, the plans were shelved for some years. They were later resurrected, and nearly a century later Nicola Salvi completed the designs for this fountain and oversaw its inception. Large and imposing, the Trevi Fountain marks the end of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct and is over 25m wide and 19m high. The tableau of the fountain depicts Tritons guiding sea horses through the tumultuous oean. On either side of the fountain, in alcoves, are the figures of the goddesses of Health and Abundance. It is said that upon throwing a coin over their shoulder into the fountain, visitors can be assured of a return to Rome, the "Eternal City" at some point in their lives.


About The Author: Shop Amazon - Top Gift Ideas
Written by Elizabeth Jean for http://www.Garden-Fountains.com For more information on the incredible water features of Rome mentioned here, visit our section on the Public Fountains of Italy

Follow "The Phantom Writers" on Twitter (@phantomwriters)
to be notified when new articles are made available.


VOTE ON THIS ARTICLE
Needs Work >> 0 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 << Excellent Article

Tell our authors what you think about their article.



Top-Level Category: Nature and Pets Articles || Related Categories: Home and Garden Articles

10 Most Recent Articles Written by Elizabeth Jean

Use of Garden Ponds
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-10 | Word Count: 932 | Page Views: 2803 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 2.00
Garden ponds can improve on that experience by adding a new dimension to any outdoor space - from bath tub-sized to a small lake, the benefits of a garden pond are potentially available to anyone with a little outdoor space.

Use of Bird Baths in the Garden - Why Install a Bird Bath?
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-09 | Word Count: 964 | Page Views: 3318 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 2.00
Many people enjoy the sight and sound of birds in the garden - the color, movement, and song they provide adds life to a garden and can be very restful, evoking a peaceful, rural atmosphere.

The Types of Fountains Found in Florence, Italy
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-09 | Word Count: 833 | Page Views: 7745 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
There were two broad classes of Tuscan water fountains known in the 1500's: the freestanding or "isolated" type, designed for the center of a piazza, court, or garden; and the "engaged" or wall fountain, placed against a wall at the end of a square or courtyard.

The Fountains of Kansas City
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-06 | Word Count: 929 | Page Views: 3816 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 1.73
Kansas City is thought to have more fountains than any city in the world except Rome, arguably the birthplace of the city fountain. At the last count, it was thought that there were over two hundred public fountains in Kansas City, with many more private fountains.

The Fountains of Chatsworth House, England
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-05 | Word Count: 839 | Page Views: 4814 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.13
Chatsworth House is located in the heart of the Peak District National Park, an area of outstanding natural beauty in the center of England. The house is the home of the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, and the 1000 acre estate includes a working farm and more than 100 acres of landscaped gardens.

The Basics of Water Fountains
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-05 | Word Count: 893 | Page Views: 4467 | Votes: 9 | Rating: 3.00
A fountain is a man-made installation, in which water issues from a source before falling or cascading into a basin, bowl or receptacle of some kind.

Florentine Water Features
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-03 | Word Count: 689 | Page Views: 3346 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 1.20
In 15th Century Florence, well-heads that bubbled water, lavabos (wash basins), and holy water basins far outnumbered true water fountains in the city. There were some good reasons for this.

Florentine Fountains: Sculpture, Not Water
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-03 | Word Count: 632 | Page Views: 3419 | Votes: 9 | Rating: 2.56
While Roman fountains seem designed primarily for the display of water, the Florentine fountains exist for the display of sculpture. Cer­tainly their outstanding characteristic in the Cinquecento is the tendency of the figure sculpture to dominate the structural portions of basins and shaft...

Father of Fountain Design: Gian Bernini
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-02 | Word Count: 876 | Page Views: 9474 | Votes: 13 | Rating: 2.38
For centuries, visitors to Rome have admired the architecture and art of this great European city. Its famous outdoor water fountains, piazzas, churches and cathedrals draw many thousands of visitors each year, as do its countless art galleries. No less an attraction is Vatican City, in the heart of Rome, and its principal building, the Basilica of St. Peter.

Famous Waterfalls of the World
Written by: Elizabeth Jean | Distributed: 2007-04-02 | Word Count: 939 | Page Views: 17182 | Votes: 45 | Rating: 1.84
About 70% of the Earth's surface is permanently covered in water. Water shapes our coastlines and carves channels through countries and landscapes. Inevitably, water sometimes runs across a sudden drop in the level of the land, and a waterfall is born.

All of Author's Articles on this site:

Most Recent "Nature And Pets" Articles

How Safe Is Your Pet's Flea and Tick Killer?
Written by: Gary Le Mon | Distributed: 2011-07-20 | Word Count: 714 | Page Views: 2157 | Votes: 2 | Rating: 0.00
How did your favorite flea and tick control product do in EPA laboratory testing for new product registration? All seven popular treatments I uncovered revealed shocking adverse health effects on dogs and cats.

The Importance of Good Cat Health
Written by: Riley Santoso | Distributed: 2009-09-01 | Word Count: 476 | Page Views: 2106 | Votes: 1 | Rating: 3.00
Anyone that has ever owned a cat for any extended period of time realizes the importance of being actively involved in promoting good feline health. Even newcomers learn quickly that there is a great deal of information to learn when it comes to taking care of a cat. There are a number of ways in which you can be prepared to take good care of your cat to try to avoid any problems down the road.

What Makes a Siamese Cat So Different?
Written by: Susan Miller | Distributed: 2008-10-09 | Word Count: 1082 | Page Views: 5841 | Votes: 18 | Rating: 3.00
The traditional Siamese cat or Apple Head as sometimes recognized is one of the oldest breeds of domestic cats. It still looks to this day as the breed originally would have looked when it was first imported from Siam. The breed is still a lovely muscular athletic looking cat with a beautiful round head and striking blue eyes.

Origin and Evolution of Arcon Method for Search and Rescue Dogs
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-26 | Word Count: 1845 | Page Views: 2946 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.38
In this article we will discuss the origin and evolution of arcon method for search and rescue dogs.

Phases in the Training Process Arcon Method
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-24 | Word Count: 3215 | Page Views: 2476 | Votes: 12 | Rating: 3.08
In this article we will discuss the phases in the training process arcon method.

Arcon Method Techniques
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-18 | Word Count: 1546 | Page Views: 2405 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 3.55
The Arcon Techniques are strictly faithful to the rational demands of the conventional scientific technique and have been repeatedly subject to the corresponding process of experimentation and verification.

Introduction to the Arcon Method
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-16 | Word Count: 2372 | Page Views: 2883 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 3.00
Method Canine Catastrophe Rescue consists of using dogs to find people that have been accidentally buried for whatever reason (explosions, earthquakes, structural flaws, hurricanes, tornadoes, avalanches, landslides, etc.).

Birds Go Nuts for Peanut Butter
Written by: Andy Perrin | Distributed: 2008-06-26 | Word Count: 329 | Page Views: 2560 | Votes: 6 | Rating: 1.83
Part of the attraction at Leeds Castle is the Aviary. The Hon. Olive, Lady Baillie had a passion for birds and started to introduce her collection of exotic birds back in 1957. In 1988 the present aviary with its 48 irregularly shaped hexagon flights was opened and they have had many notable successes breeding rare birds. The Aviary is run by Laura Gardner (Curator of Birds) and her team.

The Glory Of Hilary Duff...Morning Glory, That Is!
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-05-07 | Word Count: 422 | Page Views: 3101 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 3.00
Hilary Duff, born September 28, 1987, with her acting talent, beautiful face, lovely voice, and trendy sense of style is indeed a young lady with a glorious career still ahead of her. Could all of Ms. Duff's glorious talents be attributed to the fact that she was born in the month of the morning glory?

Sending Birthday Flowers To Pamela Anderson
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-04-16 | Word Count: 499 | Page Views: 2950 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.45
Each month of the year has a birth flower associated with it. Some even have several different types of flowers. New parents often look up the flower associated with their newborn and may even record the flower next to the birthstone in the child's baby book.

Most Viewed "Nature And Pets" Articles

Race To The Perfect Gift With Nascar Themed Flowers
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2007-12-31 | Word Count: 414 | Page Views: 7793 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 1.57
You need to send a really outstanding gift to someone special in your life. You rack your brain and try to come up with something that will say what you're feeling, strike a personal chord, and be a fun gift that the recipient will really enjoy. Your special someone's passion is Nascar racing, but a shirt, hat, or other memorabilia alone seems so overdone. What can you do? Try presenting that Nascar gift with a new and exciting twist-send it with flowers.

History of the Cherry Tree
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2006-08-24 | Word Count: 1210 | Page Views: 6572 | Votes: 13 | Rating: 2.23
A history of fruiting and flowering cherry trees.

History Of Blueberry Plants
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2007-01-08 | Word Count: 1120 | Page Views: 6011 | Votes: 13 | Rating: 3.08
Very few historical records exist on ancient blueberry culture in the Greek and Roman empires. Those cultures did use parts of the blueberry plants and fruit to eat or to treat ailments.

What Makes a Siamese Cat So Different?
Written by: Susan Miller | Distributed: 2008-10-09 | Word Count: 1082 | Page Views: 5841 | Votes: 18 | Rating: 3.00
The traditional Siamese cat or Apple Head as sometimes recognized is one of the oldest breeds of domestic cats. It still looks to this day as the breed originally would have looked when it was first imported from Siam. The breed is still a lovely muscular athletic looking cat with a beautiful round head and striking blue eyes.

Blue Pearls of the New Zealand Paua
Written by: Yvonne Mal | Distributed: 2007-01-10 | Word Count: 424 | Page Views: 5777 | Votes: 6 | Rating: 2.50
The Blackfoot Paua (Abalone: haliotis iris), one of eight mollusk variety found around the Pacific Rim, is indigenous to New Zealand coastal waters. Read on to learn more about pearls.

Canna Lily Sales Face a Chaotic Future
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2006-09-14 | Word Count: 970 | Page Views: 5649 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 2.00
Many agricultural plants that are reproduced by vegetative division face a mysterious problem that results in a decline in the clone vigor, and most farmers and nurserymen claim that the plant crop has "run out." A number of factors adversely affect the plant clone to the point that it becomes unproductive and uneconomical to continue growing.

History of Walnuts
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2006-08-18 | Word Count: 1111 | Page Views: 5397 | Votes: 14 | Rating: 2.71
Ever wanted to know the history of the good old Walnut? Learn of its history and other facts in this article.

Cold Hardy Palm Trees for Northern Garden Planting
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2006-10-05 | Word Count: 1255 | Page Views: 5149 | Votes: 7 | Rating: 2.29
Information about one of the very few palm trees that will grow in northern states, including New York!

Ancient Explorers Discovered Unique Native Nut Trees Growing In America
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2006-10-19 | Word Count: 1404 | Page Views: 5141 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 2.63
History of American nut trees.

The Rose: Christina Aguilera's Favorite Flower?
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-01-17 | Word Count: 497 | Page Views: 4970 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.18
The rose has long been a favorite flower of many women, but is it the favorite flower of Christina Aguilera? The truth is, I don't know, but judging by the elaborate floral chuppah of brightly colored orange, yellow, and burgundy roses conspicuously present at her wedding and the thick bouquets of hot pink roses and rose petals surrounding her wedding cake, it's a sure bet the rose ranks high on Aguilera's list of favorite flowers.

Highest Ranked "Nature And Pets" Articles

Discover a High In the Sky Holiday
Written by: Travel Alberta | Distributed: 2006-12-16 | Word Count: 751 | Page Views: 2517 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.88
The first time I saw the Northern Lights, I was leaning over the steering wheel of a dusky purple 1977 Chevy Nova on a northern highway near midnight, trying to roll down the driver's side window to get a better fix on it during my holiday, even as my passenger was shouting to be heard over the ghostly radio voices fading in and out. Within seconds it multiplied and changed colors, soaring over us like an exploding rainbow. Nature's primal postcard, my holiday highlight delivered free.

Making the Big Decision - Euthanasia
Written by: Gary Kurz | Distributed: 2006-11-24 | Word Count: 1358 | Page Views: 2632 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 3.80
Help for those feeling guilty about putting a pet to sleep.

Arcon Method Techniques
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-18 | Word Count: 1546 | Page Views: 2405 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 3.55
The Arcon Techniques are strictly faithful to the rational demands of the conventional scientific technique and have been repeatedly subject to the corresponding process of experimentation and verification.

Arabian Horses Are Widely Popular for Good Reason
Written by: Robb Fowler | Distributed: 2008-02-21 | Word Count: 710 | Page Views: 3340 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.50
Arabian horses have quickly taken their place as one of the most popular breeds in North America. The endurance and lung capacity of the Arabian horses make them a popular option for those who enjoy spending a day out on a long ride.

Origin and Evolution of Arcon Method for Search and Rescue Dogs
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-26 | Word Count: 1845 | Page Views: 2946 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 3.38
In this article we will discuss the origin and evolution of arcon method for search and rescue dogs.

Cat Breeders: How to Use the Internet to Grow Your Breeder Business
Written by: CS Swarens | Distributed: 2007-12-19 | Word Count: 631 | Page Views: 2148 | Votes: 6 | Rating: 3.17
The pet breeding industry is thriving today and it's one of the fastest growing domestic markets. Each year, for the past five years, the number of pet breeders has increased by at least 20 percent. This may seem like a positive development; however, this market growth also means a rapid increase in competition.

History Of Blueberry Plants
Written by: Patrick Malcolm | Distributed: 2007-01-08 | Word Count: 1120 | Page Views: 6011 | Votes: 13 | Rating: 3.08
Very few historical records exist on ancient blueberry culture in the Greek and Roman empires. Those cultures did use parts of the blueberry plants and fruit to eat or to treat ailments.

Phases in the Training Process Arcon Method
Written by: Jaime Parejo Garcia | Distributed: 2008-09-24 | Word Count: 3215 | Page Views: 2476 | Votes: 12 | Rating: 3.08
In this article we will discuss the phases in the training process arcon method.

The Glory Of Hilary Duff...Morning Glory, That Is!
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-05-07 | Word Count: 422 | Page Views: 3101 | Votes: 10 | Rating: 3.00
Hilary Duff, born September 28, 1987, with her acting talent, beautiful face, lovely voice, and trendy sense of style is indeed a young lady with a glorious career still ahead of her. Could all of Ms. Duff's glorious talents be attributed to the fact that she was born in the month of the morning glory?

Smith's Bear Story
Written by: Jane Baker | Distributed: 2007-03-23 | Word Count: 674 | Page Views: 2310 | Votes: 6 | Rating: 3.00
Some animal behaviourists that study bears declare that there is no such thing as a bear that stalks humans. Others insist that based on forensic evidence, there is indeed such an animal, whether humans have inadvertently created it, the behaviour is taught to her cubs by a sow, or it's simply born an opportunist. To help you decide, this story describes a prime example of a predator bear, the most dangerous of all.












Download an eBook today
 
Directory Navigation
Locate By Author

Locate By Category:
ALL Categories
Arts & Crafts
Arts & Entertainment
Automotive
Business - Offline
Business - Online
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Finance
Food & Drink
Health & Wellness
Home & Garden
Humor
Internet
Nature & Pets
Real Estate
Religion
Self Improvement
Shopping
Society
Sports & Recreation
Technology
Travel & Leisure
Uncategorized
World Events
Writing & Speaking

Change Number of Results:
50 - 100 - 200 - 500
Article Reprint Rights
Creative Commons License

This work is
licensed under a
Creative Commons
License


You are not required to show the creative commons license notice when you reprint this work.
Article Publishing Tools
Print Article
Email-to-Blog
HTML Source Code
Text Newsletter Format
Link Back HTML

Blog Publishing Tools

Internal ID: #4389
Article Statistics
Word Count: 869

Total Views: 4441

Article Rating: 1.50 of 5
Votes Cast: 4

More Articles By Author:




Article Title Search:

Widow Search
Right Blinker
Google
Yahoo!
Zuula
Bing
Cuil

Last Distribution Date:
2007-04-06 11:12:00






All Articles are Copyright © 2001-2017 of the Defined Authors.

All other material and images on this site are:
Copyright © 2001-2017, ThePhantomWriters.com