In Business Since 2001 We accept Paypal
Home Article Directory
More from Bill Platt
"Bill Platt for Book Authors" Youtube Channel
Training for Book Authors
Other Resources for Book Authors & Publishers
FictionPlots.com (350+ Plots & counting)
Please Support Our Advertisers

 
D9 Hosting


Whatever Happened To The American Dream?

Copyright (c) 2004-2021

Do you ever wonder what happened to the average citizen's ability to achieve The American Dream? Is there something about the pursuit of THE AMERICAN DREAM that contributes to failing systems and institutions (from an Enron economy to failing education, the deterioration of the family unit, social ills such as senseless violence, suicide, substance abuse and perversion)? Geela thinks so. In her highly praised book THE AMERICAN DREAM, Geela explains the connection between our failing systems and institutions and the pursuit of The American Dream as we know it. Through her proven "Principles For Successful Living," and her innovative nonprofit organization, ONE SPIRIT, ONE WORLD, Geela revolutionizes the conventional wisdom of achieving personal success and prosperity.

A recent study reveals that the overwhelming majority of Americans are now experiencing more stress and less true fulfillment and optimism then ever before. They believe that the odds of them winning the lottery are probably much better than their odds of attaining The American Dream. And the current climate of global terrorism coupled with growing uncertainty and failing systems and institutions only makes their faith in attaining The American Dream for success, happiness and fulfillment seems less likely. The American Dream is becoming more and more like the Impossible Dream.

When one looks at the evolution of the concept of The American Dream, it's hard not to notice the sharp contrast of "before and after" or "this was then, this is now."

The concept of The American Dream was basically originated from suffering periods of lack, following the Great Depression and WW2 when people had appreciation for work because it was scarce. The main concern was security and basic survival. As such, the focus of The American Dream was on wholesome values such as a strong work ethic, integrity, family, community and moral values. It created joy of life, pride in work and family and a sense of community. In sharp contrast, The American Dream is no longer attainable by most people. How many people can afford a home considering the ridiculously high prices? And decent jobs with stable companies are increasingly becoming a thing of the past. Sure, we have accumulated lots of stuff (toys), but they only bring us artificial joy, which is as fleeting as it is cruel.

It was hard work, integrity and wholesome moral values that provided the solid foundation for creating prosperity and economic boom in this country. It was prosperity with integrity and purpose that brought us a sense of real joy and pride coupled with a strong sense of community. However, success has its own trappings, and with success came the desire to "keep up with the Jones's." Need eventually turned into greed. The new generation wanted more, in fact they demanded a higher standard of living almost at all costs, even if it meant getting into serious debt. Life was no longer about family and community but instead was more about status (through money and power, with the obsession with fame and fortune for the wrong reasons). And thus began the pursuit of materialism with all the side effects associated with it.

And when need turns to greed, the results are inevitable. The same spirit that created capitalism and prosperity has also created corruption, compromised integrity and the erosion of wholesome values systems that eventually has led to failing systems and institutions.

In a materialistic driven society, where the love of power and money overcomes the power of love, anything becomes fair game. The system, including the media only perpetuated this concept of the newly evolved American Dream for self-serving reasons (to make more profits), while turning us from a nation of producers to a nation of insatiable consumers that made us forget our spiritual roots. Thus, human excellence has given way to human weakness while enslaving us to our own addictions and desires.

In fact, we hear so much about the Enron type of corruptions and dirty politics fueled by special-interest money, that it has virtually become an accepted practice.

The prevailing mentality in American society today is that you can get something for nothing. There is a sense of entitlement and an expectation of wanting the good life without having to work hard for it. This is reinforced, glorified and perpetuated by the media with shows like "The Lifestyle of The Rich and Famous." When all you see is glamour, but not the hard work and sacrifice that goes into achieving success, it only inspires more envy and the desire for a "get rich quick" scheme leading to the erosion of morality and integrity.

Consider the break down of the family system. When both parents spend long working hours (sometimes just to make ends meet), their children are left alone, being raised by their peers, gangs and TV. Family values and compromised integrity simply don't run parallel. By failing to instill good values in their children, children have become corrupted by default, increasingly turning to violence, which in turn negatively affects not only our way of life, but our economy as well. . Once again, the culprit is the pursuit of materialism.

Now consider the increased senseless violence at our schools and unchecked crime on our streets. Both can be traced to the pursuit of materialism, which drives people to corruption, compromised integrity and the erosion of wholesome values systems. Violence is a reflection of being away from family and community, an anti-social behavior and a lack of a sense of belonging. After all, how can children feel safe and truly cared for when they are left alone without any clear boundaries? Crime too, is a reflection of the growing frustration and anger resulting from the perception of lack of opportunity, and the equal sharing of prosperity. Call it like it is – it's a class warfare between the haves and have-nots.

Here is a quick quiz for you:

* Do you know your neighbors? How about just their names? * When was the last time you invited your neighbor to dinner? * Why do you build a fence around your home? * Have you noticed that the more possessions we have, the more we try to isolate ourselves with an attempt to protect our hard-won assets?

As tough as it is for our national pride to admit it, one can't ignore the failing of our educational system as evidenced by failing test scores. This too is basically a reflection of the erosion of our moral values, work ethic and our failing institutions. Many politicians are driven by doing what is politically correct and getting elected rather than what's in the best interest of the community. As the United States falls further behind the world in education, the negative impact on our economy will be felt too. Once we were the world's leading producers of goods. But now our higher standard of living has escalated wages to the point where manufactures are taking jobs overseas (to places like China and India where cost of living is very low). As a result we are importing more and more of the goods necessary to maintain our excessive lifestyle. As a result, the foreign trade deficit has ballooned to an all-time high. Our addiction to consumption has forced us to go into debt to the rest of the world. The huge budget deficit we hear so much about is really a deficit in integrity. Our only edge in the world economy has been in technology and innovation. But in the absence of good education, we will lose this competitive edge too. And if we wish to maintain our high standard of living, we must produce something of value in order to remain a valuable player in the global economy.

But the break down is not limited to our systems and institutions alone. Our nerves and spirits are just as affected. With growing personal and national debt (with no way out short of a miracle or winning the lottery), out of control violence and crime, environmental and spiritual pollution, extreme stress, frustration, hopelessness, rejection over lack of opportunities, lack of accomplishments, or control of their own lives, send more and more Americans straight to a shrink's office, take Prozac or worse, get hooked on drugs and other destructive substances as a way of coping. Many simply have reached their breaking point resulting in a diminished productivity at work, a diminished family harmony and enjoyment of life itself.

People are not as free as they would like to believe. The reality is that, knowingly or unknowingly, people are controlled, by virtue of being in debt and by being enslaved by the pursuit of materialism (a by-product of the pursuit of The American Dream as we know it). Perhaps it's time to reflect on what really matters in life and ask ourselves the eternal question. "Are working to live or living to work?"

Many feel this country has seen its finest hour unless we develop a new attitude. In the words of a fellow immigrant, Arnold Swartznager, "no more business as usual." It is a luxury we simply can't afford. As an immigrant, who came from a different culture and a different values system and achieved The American Dream, not only do I appreciate the great opportunities and freedoms this great country has to offer, but I am able to see the sharp contrast and the cause and effect that contribute to the social and economic ills of our society. Indeed, social ills are an equal opportunity employer. But it is precisely because I care so deeply about this country, that I make my observations and offer innovative solutions in order to preserve the greatness of this country for future generations.

Finally, here is the burning question. How can one be happy and successful and still get a piece of The American Dream? How can we restore our failing systems and institutions and preserve a free and thriving society? What needs to happen is to restore a wholesome values system with integrity. We need to restore the true spirit of The American Dream which was based on perspiration, innovation, risk and reward. That's when we can once again appreciate simple pleasures and discover that it is "He with the most joys lives," and not "He with the most toys lives." And perhaps only when the power of love overcomes the love of power can we finally get back on the yellow brick road to real prosperity, real peace and real fulfillment. Indeed, the best things in life are free, and all you have to do is recognize it.


About The Author: Shop Amazon - Top Gift Ideas
Copyright © 2004-2006, Geela Author of "The American Dream" http://www.Geela.com Geela is an award winning singer/songwriter/composer, columnist, and author of the best-selling book "THE AMERICAN DREAM," her true- life story of how she came to America as a young immigrant with nothing and overcame incredible obstacles to achieve mega-success. She founded ONE SPIRIT, ONE WORLD to help children and promote a culture of peace and harmony. Get a free sample of her music and her book at http://www.Geela.com

VOTE ON THIS ARTICLE
Needs Work >> 0 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 << Excellent Article

Tell our authors what you think about their article.



Top-Level Category: Articles

10 Most Recent Articles Written by Geela

It's Your Dream, Claim It!
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1926
Wisdom is like money in the bank. Knowledge is power. What you don't know can hurt you. We've heard people use these expressions, but what exactly do they mean and why should we care?

We All Need A Father Figure To Lean On
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2006-04-11 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1735
When I think of the ultimate father figure I think of the extraordinary paternal love and devotion of the Biblical King David for his son Absalom even when his son turned against him and attempted to kill him.

Mothers – The True Unsung Heroes In Our Lives
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2006-03-28 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1173 | Votes: 2 | Rating: 1.00
While growing up, my mom's way of helping me recognize and respect the value of motherhood was to say that since God could not be everywhere at the same time, He invented moms. Naturally, it was an honorable job that demanded a mix of great respect and fear. After all, everyone knew about the severe consequences for disobeying God or His chosen right hand, mom.

Looking For Love In All The Wrong Places
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2006-03-09 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1322
Practically every year finding love is at the top of Americans' list of resolutions for the New Year. That's the good news. The bad news is that most Americans are looking for love in all the wrong places.

Everybody Wants To Rule The World
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2006-02-17 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1128
While watching the news on TV in a typical ritualistic manner, I couldn't help but notice an underlying theme in the daily bombardment of bad news of 'out of control fires' - in the formg of global terrorism and chronic conflicts around the globe.

Immigrants – The True And Untold Story Of America
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2006-02-03 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1015
During economic and social uncertainty people feel the urge to find a scapegoat. So they blame their misfortunes on somebody, anybody, just so they don't have to take personal responsibility and look in the mirror first.

Law And Order of the Spiritual Kind
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2005-09-02 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 875
There is no such thing as a coincidence. Albert Einstein reasoned that, *God simply does not play dice.*

Only In America
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2005-07-01 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1065 | Votes: 2 | Rating: 1.00
For the longest time America has been a magnet to people from all around the globe. It's as if an invisible neon sign is flashing in the minds of immigrants with the words: 'Welcome to America – what's your dream?'

Whatever Happened To – “The American Dream”
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2005-02-04 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1068
Do you ever wonder what happened to the average citizen’s ability to achieve The American Dream?

Global Unity Or Global Insanity?
Written by: Geela | Distributed: 2005-01-19 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1341
If the global economy and the Information Super Highway are any indication of an emerging one world vision, there is no denying that no one can be an island any longer - we’re all simply in this together. We either win together or lose together. However by becoming more interdependent, the global community is equally becoming more vulnerable to potential disasters on a mass scale.

All of Author's Articles on this site:

Most Recent "" Articles

Ann Arbor, MI Offers A Lot Of Year-Around Family Fun
Written by: Jeb Maxwell | Distributed: 2010-01-20 | Word Count: 595 | Page Views: 3953 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 1.25
Ann Arbor, Michigan is the home of the University of Michigan, a leading institution of higher education. Ann Arbor is a wonderful place to visit. The University is co-mingled with the city and greatly expands the cultural places and events available in the area.

Flowers Are The Perfect Gift For Father's Day
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-02-20 | Word Count: 486 | Page Views: 5342 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
Dads everywhere have Sonora Smart Dodd to thank for getting Father's Day started. In 1909, Sonora sat in a church in Spokane, Washington listening to a sermon expounding on the virtues of motherhood. But, as she sat there, she thought about how special her own father was since it was he who raised her after the death of her mother.

Finding the Adventure in Travel Again
Written by: Helen Bergstein | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 718 | Page Views: 3945 | Votes: 14 | Rating: 2.64
If you want to experience adventure at every level of your next trip, you need to go beyond the usual resorts and places to stay. If you're like most travelers, personal safety remains a priority, especially in today's world. A growing number of savvy travelers have found the perfect balance between adventure and comfort.

7 Tips to Hiring a Good DJ for your Party
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 563 | Page Views: 4840 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 1.36
If you want to have a party that everyone will be talking about for days and years later, hire a good DJ to run your music and light show. Hiring a DJ can actually be fun. Just follow these simple tips, and you are sure to have a fabulous DJ for your party.

Building your Credit to get a Mortgage
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 840 | Page Views: 4896 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
You are thinking about purchasing real estate. However, you are not sure if your credit is good enough to get a mortgage. There are things that you can do to build your credit so that it is worthy of any mortgage that may interest you.

1569 Unique Ways To Get A Free Lunch
Written by: Steve Robichaud | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 3089 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
Everywhere you turn - T.V., Radio, magazines, or the Internet, someone is talking about government grants. What's the real story? Does the government give away real money, to ordinary people, to use for whatever they want? Let's take a closer look:

Don't Wait to Start Your Marketing Strategy
Written by: Jo Fulkerson | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 3419 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
Your novel is finished, you’ve had it edited by a professional Editor, and you’ve done the rewrites. What? You haven’t had an editor edit your work yet? This is a must. There are many editors advertising in Writer’s Digest.

NEVER Reply to an eGroup Post!
Written by: BIG Mike McDaniel | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 4655 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
eGroups are collections of people subscribed to a common (discussion list) address. When one member sends an eMail message to the eGroup address, it is automatically sent to everyone else on the list. As subscribers open and read their eMail, discussion threads take shape with additional posts and replies. The attraction of eGroups is the ability to join in at your convenience as opposed to the confinement of live chat rooms.

Reasons behind Shoulder Pain
Written by: Jessica Horowitz | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 4469 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
Pain between the shoulder blades, or any pain for that matter, is your body's way of notifying you that something is amiss. You should never ignore it and hope it will *go away by itself*. There are a multitude of possible causes of pain between the shoulder blades. We'll discuss common ones in this article and start with the most serious conditions first:

Effective Managers Need To Coach
Written by: Wendy Hearn | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 3978 | Votes: 4 | Rating: 0.75
Bearing in mind the fast pace of business today and the need to stay competitive, it's essential that managers should be effective. They need to be especially effective with their people and this requires learning to coach. For most managers, coaching has been added to their role anyway, but the majority haven't received any training in coaching skills.

Most Viewed "" Articles

TAKING RESPONSIBILITY - LIFE'S BIGGEST QUESTION
Written by: Richard Sparky Bryan | Distributed: 2006-05-07 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 13343 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
When did Americans stop taking responsibility for their own actions? My friend agreed that the slide began in the late 1960's with the growth of the drug culture. But he was quick to emphasize that although the sixties began the slide, the real sharp slope did not arrive until the 1990's. Along about 1993, the slide began to sharpen. It was not until early 1998 that the slope became a steep cliff.

High Thread Count Bed Sheets. How Many Threads Does A Bed Sheet Need?
Written by: Liz Beresford | Distributed: 2004-09-14 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 5996 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
High thread count bed sheets, often called percale, are much advertised, but what exactly does 'high thread' count mean? You know that it means quality and comfort, but do you know why? It used to be considered good to have thread count of 180-200 but thread counts of up to 1000 are advertised these days.. So what is going on? Does high thread count always mean better quality? Is there an optimum thread count, and if so what is it?

Muzzling the Motor Mouths: Silence Workplace Windbags
Written by: Bill Lampton Ph.D. | Distributed: 2005-12-01 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 5824 | Votes: 4 | Rating: 0.50
During my twenty-three years in management, I dealt with blabbermouths frequently, so for the last ten years I have advised clients on how to silence the workplace windbags. Here are my suggestions for muzzling the motor mouths:

Better Than Botox is there a Safer Substitute?
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2005-09-08 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 5679 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
Women since time immemorial have always looked for ways to enhance and prolong their beauty. This of course becomes more difficult as they age.

Transform Your Work Area into a Homey Environment
Written by: Ted Roberson | Distributed: 2006-02-24 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 5534 | Votes: 4 | Rating: 1.25
Nothing enables one to think and work better than a comfortable working environment. Especially if you have a sedentary job, you've got to have little knick knacks around that will enliven your spirits or which you can look at for inspiration or just to zone out in relaxation.

12 Ways to Promote Your Business And Website for Free
Written by: Ivana Katz | Distributed: 2005-03-29 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 5477 | Votes: 3 | Rating: 0.33
You are very excited!! You have finally created your own website!! But the trouble is customers aren*t knocking on your website door. Why? The most probable answer is...

Flowers Are The Perfect Gift For Father's Day
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-02-20 | Word Count: 486 | Page Views: 5342 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
Dads everywhere have Sonora Smart Dodd to thank for getting Father's Day started. In 1909, Sonora sat in a church in Spokane, Washington listening to a sermon expounding on the virtues of motherhood. But, as she sat there, she thought about how special her own father was since it was he who raised her after the death of her mother.

Building your Credit to get a Mortgage
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 840 | Page Views: 4896 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
You are thinking about purchasing real estate. However, you are not sure if your credit is good enough to get a mortgage. There are things that you can do to build your credit so that it is worthy of any mortgage that may interest you.

7 Tips to Hiring a Good DJ for your Party
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 563 | Page Views: 4840 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 1.36
If you want to have a party that everyone will be talking about for days and years later, hire a good DJ to run your music and light show. Hiring a DJ can actually be fun. Just follow these simple tips, and you are sure to have a fabulous DJ for your party.

Sell Yourself, Not Your Products or Services
Written by: Bill Platt | Distributed: 2004-05-03 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 4746 | Votes: 2 | Rating: 0.50
Sell yourself, not your products or services. The point we need to make is that your products and services will change over time as your business adapts to the realities of the marketplace.

Highest Ranked "" Articles

Finding the Adventure in Travel Again
Written by: Helen Bergstein | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 718 | Page Views: 3945 | Votes: 14 | Rating: 2.64
If you want to experience adventure at every level of your next trip, you need to go beyond the usual resorts and places to stay. If you're like most travelers, personal safety remains a priority, especially in today's world. A growing number of savvy travelers have found the perfect balance between adventure and comfort.

Building your Credit to get a Mortgage
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 840 | Page Views: 4896 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
You are thinking about purchasing real estate. However, you are not sure if your credit is good enough to get a mortgage. There are things that you can do to build your credit so that it is worthy of any mortgage that may interest you.

Flowers Are The Perfect Gift For Father's Day
Written by: Wesley Berry, AAF | Distributed: 2008-02-20 | Word Count: 486 | Page Views: 5342 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 2.09
Dads everywhere have Sonora Smart Dodd to thank for getting Father's Day started. In 1909, Sonora sat in a church in Spokane, Washington listening to a sermon expounding on the virtues of motherhood. But, as she sat there, she thought about how special her own father was since it was he who raised her after the death of her mother.

7 Tips to Hiring a Good DJ for your Party
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-11 | Word Count: 563 | Page Views: 4840 | Votes: 11 | Rating: 1.36
If you want to have a party that everyone will be talking about for days and years later, hire a good DJ to run your music and light show. Hiring a DJ can actually be fun. Just follow these simple tips, and you are sure to have a fabulous DJ for your party.

Ann Arbor, MI Offers A Lot Of Year-Around Family Fun
Written by: Jeb Maxwell | Distributed: 2010-01-20 | Word Count: 595 | Page Views: 3953 | Votes: 8 | Rating: 1.25
Ann Arbor, Michigan is the home of the University of Michigan, a leading institution of higher education. Ann Arbor is a wonderful place to visit. The University is co-mingled with the city and greatly expands the cultural places and events available in the area.

How to Decorate Your Home on EBay
Written by: Pamela Cole Harris | Distributed: 2005-09-14 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1665 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 1.20
If you are on a budget (and who isn’t?), a wonderful place for find home decorating accessories is auction sites like eBay. But before you go a’baying, here is some advice...

The "Proprietary Blend" Nutritional Supplement
Written by: Will Brink | Distributed: 2006-02-10 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 2900 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 0.60
In a nut shell, I went onto cover each of these common marketing terms that are used to sell supplements to unwitting consumers and explained each in detail as to what I view as their common misuse within the market place.

Brink's Unified Theory of Nutrition
Written by: Will Brink | Distributed: 2006-02-24 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 1860 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 0.60
Regardless of the topic, a unified theory, seeks to explain seemingly incompatible aspects of various theories. In this article I attempt to unify seemingly incompatible or opposing views regarding nutrition, namely, what is probably the longest running debate in the nutritional sciences: calories vs. macro nutrients.

7 Steps to Successful Telemarketing
Written by: Kamau Austin | Distributed: 2006-05-03 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 2543 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 0.40
Telemarketing is not as easy as it looks. Telemarketing involves talking on the phone to someone you do not know and trying to convince them to buy a product, use a service, or sign up for a special offer. Many times, telemarketers fail because they are not doing the job properly.

Offer More Payment Options than your Competition
Written by: Bill Platt | Distributed: 2004-05-03 | Word Count: 0 | Page Views: 3048 | Votes: 5 | Rating: 0.40
In order to be successful online, you must provide your customers many quick and easy ways to pay for your goods and services. It is not enough to ask folks to send a money order or check to your house or place of business. You must do more.











Download an eBook today
 
Directory Navigation
Locate By Category:

ALL Categories
Arts & Crafts
Arts & Entertainment
Automotive
Business - Offline
Business - Online
Career
Computers
Education
Family
Finance
Food & Drink
Health & Wellness
Home & Garden
Humor
Internet
Nature & Pets
Real Estate
Religion
Self Improvement
Shopping
Society
Sports & Recreation
Technology
Travel & Leisure
Uncategorized
World Events
Writing & Speaking

Change Number of Results:
50 - 100 - 200 - 500
Article Reprint Rights
Creative Commons License

This work is
licensed under a
Creative Commons
License


You are not required to show the creative commons license notice when you reprint this work.
Article Statistics
Word Count: 0

Total Views: 2311

Article Rating: 0.00 of 5
Votes Cast: 1

More Articles By Author:



Last Distribution Date:
2006-01-12 22:18:02

Internal ID: #2156





All Articles are Copyright © 2001-2021 of the Defined Authors.

All other material and images on this site are:
Copyright © 2001-2021, ThePhantomWriters.com